Biblical References

The number 70 used in a significant manner.

The glory and honor of the nations being brought to The Throne of the Lord.

Worship and Intercession - as prescribed by the Lord.

The Appointed Times of the LORD / The Feasts of Israel 

Insights on Psalm 67

   

   

HEBREW Text of Psalm 67

GREEK Translation - Psalm 66 - LXX (Septuagint)

ENGLISH Translation of Psalm 67
   

    
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PSALM 67
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"God blesses us, that they may fear Him to the ends of the earth." Psalm 67:7

 The following is a selection Biblical references to 
 The LORD'S Appointed Times of Holy Convocations.

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  And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, "Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: 
‘The appointed times of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations
these are My appointed times.  (Leviticus 23:1-2)

SHABBAT - The Sabbath

PESACH - The Passover

HAG HAMATZAH- The Feast of Unleavened Bread

SFIRAT HAOMER - Counting the Sheaf - The Early First Fruits

SHAVUOT - The Feast of Weeks/Pentecost

YOM TERUAH - The Day of Sounding (Trumpets)
Yom HaZekeron - The Day of Remembrance
(Rosh HaShana) - The Head of the Year

YOM KIPPUR - The Day of Atonement

SUKKOT - The Feast of Tabernacles/Booths
Zman Simkhatenu - The Time of Our Rejoicing
Shemini Atzeret - The Eighth Day of Assembly

 

Other Biblical Feasts & Holidays

So let no one judge you in food or in drink, or regarding a festival or a new moon or sabbaths, which are a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of Christ.  (Colossians 2:16-17)

Primary Biblical References to the LORD'S Appointed Times.

Leviticus 23 - regarding the assembly
Numbers 28-29 - regarding the offerings

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PSALM 67
SUNG IN 70
LANGUAGES

   

"God blesses us, that they may fear Him to the ends of the earth." Psalm 67:7

  

SHABBAT - The Sabbath

Leviticus 23:3  ‘Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work on it; it is the Sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.

          ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Matthew 11:28  "Come to Me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest."

Hebrews 4:9-11  There remains therefore a rest for the people of God. 10For he who has entered His rest has himself also ceased from his works as God did from His. 11Let us therefore be diligent to enter that rest, lest anyone fall according to the same example of disobedience.

Mark 2:27  And He said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. 28Therefore the Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath.”

Exodus 23:12  Six days you shall do your work, and on the seventh day you shall rest, that your ox and your donkey may rest, and the son of your female servant and the stranger may be refreshed.

Exodus 20:8-11; 31:12-17; Deuteronomy 5:12-15

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Events / Associations

- Creation & Covenant

  

PESACH - The Passover

Leviticus 23:4-5  ‘These are the feasts of the LORD, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at their appointed times. 5On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is the LORD’S Passover

          ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Luke 19:42  “If you had known, even you, especially in this your day (Nisan 10), the things that make for your peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes.

Matthew 26:18  “Go... to a certain man and tell him, ‘The Teacher says: My appointed time is near. I am going to celebrate the Passover with my disciples at your house.’”

Romans 5:6  For when we were still without strength, in due time (at the right time) Christ died for the ungodly.

1 Corinthians 5:7-8  Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us. 8Therefore . . .

Exodus 12:1-14; Numbers 9:1-14; 28:16; Deuteronomy 16:1-7; Ezekiel 45:21-24

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Events / Associations

- Exodus
- Messiah's Last Supper & Crucifixion

/ freedom, deliverance

  

HAG HAMATZAH- The Feast of Unleavened Bread
7 day pilgrim festival

Leviticus 23:6-8  And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the LORD; seven days you must eat unleavened bread. 7On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no customary work on it. 8But you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD for seven days. The seventh day shall be a holy convocation; you shall do no customary work on it.’"

          ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

1 Corinthians 5:7-8  . . . 8Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

Exodus 12:15-20; 13:3-10; Numbers 28:17-25; Deuteronomy 16:3-4, 8

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Events / Associations

- Red Sea crossing

/ God's provision
 
"season of mourning"

  

SFIRAT HAOMER - Counting the Sheaf - The Early First Fruits

Leviticus 23:9-14  And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 10"Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest. 11He shall wave the sheaf before the LORD , to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12And you shall offer on that day, when you wave the sheaf, a male lamb of the first year, without blemish, as a burnt offering to the LORD . 13Its grain offering shall be two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering made by fire to the LORD , for a sweet aroma; and its drink offering shall be of wine, one-fourth of a hin. 14You shall eat neither bread nor parched grain nor fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your God; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

          ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

1 Corinthians 15:20- 23  But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. 21For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead. 22For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive. 23But each one in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, afterward those who are Christ’s at His coming.

Numbers 28:26

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Events / Associations

- Resurrection

  

SHAVUOT - The Feast of Weeks/Pentecost
7 day pilgrim festival

Leviticus 23:15-22  ‘And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed. 16Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer a new grain offering to the LORD. 17You shall bring from your dwellings two wave loaves of two-tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven. They are the firstfruits to the LORD. 18And you shall offer with the bread seven lambs of the first year, without blemish, one young bull, and two rams. They shall be as a burnt offering to the LORD, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering made by fire for a sweet aroma to the LORD. 19Then you shall sacrifice one kid of the goats as a sin offering, and two male lambs of the first year as a sacrifice of a peace offering. 20The priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs. They shall be holy to the LORD for the priest. 21And you shall proclaim on the same day that it is a holy convocation to you. You shall do no customary work on it. It shall be a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
          22‘When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not wholly reap the corners of your field when you reap, nor shall you gather any gleaning from your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the stranger: I am the LORD your God.’"

          ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Acts 2:1-4  When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. 2And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. 4And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

Exodus 23:16; 34:22; Numbers 28:16-31; Deuteronomy 16:9-12

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Events / Associations

- Torah & Spirit given
-
David's birth & death

/ holiness, revelation, revival

from Elul 1 - Mesiah's baptism > 40 days in wilderness, temptation > ? proclamation of  Jubilee (Mt. 3-4, Lk. 4)

  

YOM TERUAH - The Day of Sounding (Trumpets)
Yom HaZekeron - The Day of Remembrance
(Rosh HaShana) - The Head of the Year

Leviticus 23:23-25  Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 24"Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath-rest, a memorial of blowing of Trumpets, a holy convocation. 25You shall do no customary work on it; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD.’"

          ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Matthew 24:30-31  30Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds,...

1Thessalonians 4:16-17  For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. 17Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air...

Revelation 11:15  Then the seventh angel sounded: And there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign forever and ever!”

Luke 1:69-70  (God) has raised up a horn of salvation...In the house of His servant David,  As He spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets, Who have been since the world began,…  

Numbers 29:1-6; Isaiah 27:12-13; Ezekiel 40:1; Nehemiah8:1-12

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Events / Associations

- Adam created
- Binding of Isaac
- Hannah's prayer
- Ezra's revival
- Parousia

/ sovereignty, rememberance, 
shofar (proclamation)

/ ,judgment, regathering,  repentance, reconciliation

  

YOM KIPPUR - The Day of Atonement

Leviticus 23:26-32  And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying: 27"Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. 28And you shall do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the LORD your God. 29For any person who is not afflicted in soul on that same day shall be cut off from his people. 30And any person who does any work on that same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31You shall do no manner of work; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 32It shall be to you a sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict your souls; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall celebrate your sabbath."

          ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Leviticus 16
8  Then Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats: one lot for the LORD and the other lot for the scapegoat. 9And Aaron shall bring the goat on which the LORD’S lot fell, and offer it as a sin offering. 10But the goat on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make atonement upon it, and to let it go as the scapegoat into the wilderness.
...15“Then he shall kill the goat of the sin offering, which is for the people, bring its blood inside the veil, do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it on the mercy seat and before the mercy seat. 16 So he shall make atonement for the Holy Place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions, for all their sins; and so he shall do for the tabernacle of meeting which remains among them in the midst of their uncleanness. 
...20“And when he has made an end of atoning for the Holy Place, the tabernacle of meeting, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat. 21Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, confess over it all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, concerning all their sins, putting them on the head of the goat, and shall send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a suitable man. 22The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to an uninhabited land; and he shall release the goat in the wilderness.
...30 For on that day the priest shall make atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins before the LORD. 31It is a sabbath of solemn rest for you, and you shall afflict your souls. It is a statute forever. 

Psalm 103:12 As far as the east is from the west,
So far has He removed our transgressions from us.

1 Peter 2:24  (Christ)...who Himself bore our sins in His own body on the tree, that we, having died to sins, might live for righteousness—by whose stripes you were healed.

Romans 3:25  God presented him as a sacrifice of atonement (propitiation), through faith in his blood. He did this to demonstrate his justice, … (NIV)

Hebrews 9:22  And according to the law almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no remission. 

Numbers 29:7-12; Ezekiel 40-48

 in contrast to the Talmud's bloodless view of atonement (through prayer, repentance, charity)

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Events / Associations

- Fall of Man
- Moses' 2nd descent
- Jubilee

/ humility (fast), redemption, holiness, mercy, substitution

  

SUKKOT - The Feast of Tabernacles/Booths
7 day pilgrim festival
Zman Simkhatenu - The Time of Our Rejoicing
Shemini Atzeret - The Eighth Day of Assembly

Leviticus 23:33-36; 39-43  Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 34"Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) for seven days to the LORD. 35On the first day there shall be a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work on it. 36For seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. On the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. It is a sacred assembly, and you shall do no customary work on it.
         ... 39‘Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of the LORD for seven days; on the first day there shall be a sabbath-rest, and on the eighth day a sabbath-rest. 40And you shall take for yourselves on the first day the fruit of beautiful trees, branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God for seven days. 41You shall keep it as a feast to the LORD for seven days in the year. It shall be a statute forever in your generations. You shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 42You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths, 43that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.’"

          ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Isaiah 12:3  Therefore with joy you will draw water From the wells of Salvation (Yeshua).

John 7:37-39  On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. 38He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.” 39But this He spoke concerning the Spirit,...

John 1:14  And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.

Zechariah 14:16-17  And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 17And it shall be that whichever of the families of the earth do not come up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, on them there will be no rain.

Revelation 21:3, 22-2  “Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them,..."
...22But I saw no temple in it (New Jerusalem), for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. 23The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it. The Lamb is its light. 24And the nations of those who are saved shall walk in its light, and the kings of the earth bring their glory and honor into it. 25Its gates shall not be shut at all by day (there shall be no night there). 26And they shall bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it. 

Exodus 23:16; 34:22; Numbers 29:12-38; Deuteronomy 16:13-15; Nehemiah 8:13-18;  

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Events / Associations

- Messiah's birth & marriage feast?
- 70 bulls sacrificed, representing all nations (Numbers 29:12-35)
- water from pool of Siloam poured out in front of the altar amidst great rejoicing
- Latter rains

/ thanksgiving, ingathering, habitation
"season of rejoicing"

  

These are the appointed times of the LORD which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations,
to offer an offering made by fire to the LORD, a burnt offering and a grain offering, a sacrifice and drink offerings, everything on its day—38 besides the Sabbaths of the LORD, besides your gifts, besides all your vows, and besides all your freewill offerings which you give to the LORD....
44  So Moses declared to the children of Israel the appointed times of the LORD(Leviticus 23:37-38; 44)

 

 

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Other Biblical References to Feasts & Holidays

Rosh Hodesh - New Moon

Sabbath Year

Jubilee Year

Hanukkah - Feast of Dedication

Purim

 

Rosh Hodesh - New Moon

Numbers28:11-15  ‘At the beginnings of your months you shall present a burnt offering to the LORD: two young bulls, one ram, and seven lambs in their first year, without blemish; 12three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour as a grain offering, mixed with oil, for each bull; two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour as a grain offering, mixed with oil, for the one ram; 13and one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour, mixed with oil, as a grain offering for each lamb, as a burnt offering of sweet aroma, an offering made by fire to the LORD. 14Their drink offering shall be half a hin of wine for a bull, one-third of a hin for a ram, and one-fourth of a hin for a lamb; this is the burnt offering for each month throughout the months of the year. 15Also one kid of the goats as a sin offering to the LORD shall be offered, besides the regular burnt offering and its drink offering.

Psalm 81:3-4  
Blow the trumpet at the time of the New Moon, 
At the full moon, on our solemn feast day.
For this is a statute for Israel, A law of the God of Jacob.

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Sabbath Year

Exodus 23:10-11  “Six years you shall sow your land and gather in its produce, 11but the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie fallow, that the poor of your people may eat; and what they leave, the beasts of the field may eat. In like manner you shall do with your vineyard and your olive grove. 

Leviticus 25:1-7  And the LORD spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying, 2“Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When you come into the land which I give you, then the land shall keep a sabbath to the LORD. 3Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and gather its fruit; 4but in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath to the LORD. You shall neither sow your field nor prune your vineyard. 5What grows of its own accord of your harvest you shall not reap, nor gather the grapes of your untended vine, for it is a year of rest for the land. 6And the sabbath produce of the land shall be food for you: for you, your male and female servants, your hired man, and the stranger who dwells with you, 7for your livestock and the beasts that are in your land—all its produce shall be for food.

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Jubilee Year  - (proclaimed on Yom Kippur)

Leviticus 25:8-55  8‘And you shall count seven sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years; and the time of the seven sabbaths of years shall be to you forty-nine years. 9Then you shall cause the trumpet of the Jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement you shall make the trumpet to sound throughout all your land. 10And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a Jubilee for you; and each of you shall return to his possession, and each of you shall return to his family. 11That fiftieth year shall be a Jubilee to you; in it you shall neither sow nor reap what grows of its own accord, nor gather the grapes of your untended vine. 12For it is the Jubilee; it shall be holy to you; you shall eat its produce from the field.
          13‘In this Year of Jubilee, each of you shall return to his possession. 14And if you sell anything to your neighbor or buy from your neighbor’s hand, you shall not oppress one another. 
          ...20‘And if you say, “What shall we eat in the seventh year, since we shall not sow nor gather in our produce?” 21Then I will command My blessing on you in the sixth year, and it will bring forth produce enough for three years. 22And you shall sow in the eighth year, and eat old produce until the ninth year; until its produce comes in, you shall eat of the old harvest.
          23‘The land shall not be sold permanently, for the land is Mine; for you are strangers and sojourners with Me. 24And in all the land of your possession you shall grant redemption of the land.
          25‘If one of your brethren becomes poor, and has sold some of his possession, ... 28 then what was sold shall remain in the hand of him who bought it until the Year of Jubilee; and in the Jubilee it shall be released, and he shall return to his possession.
          ...35‘If one of your brethren becomes poor, and falls into poverty among you, then you shall help him, like a stranger or a sojourner, that he may live with you. 
          ...39 you shall not compel him to serve as a slave. 40As a hired servant and a sojourner he shall be with you, and shall serve you until the Year of Jubilee. 41And then he shall depart from you—he and his children with him—and shall return to his own family. 
          ...55 For the children of Israel are servants to Me; they are My servants whom I brought out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.

Isaiah 61:1-2  
1 “The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon Me,
Because the LORD has anointed Me
To preach good tidings to the poor;
He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted,
To proclaim liberty to the captives,
And the opening of the prison to those who are bound;
2 To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD,
And the day of vengeance of our God;
To comfort all who mourn,
3 To console those who mourn in Zion,
To give them beauty for ashes,
The oil of joy for mourning,
The garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness;
That they may be called trees of righteousness,
The planting of the LORD, that He may be glorified

Luke 4:14-20 Then Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and news of Him went out through all the surrounding region. 15And He taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all.
16So He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read. 17And He was handed the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when He had opened the book, He found the place where it was written:
18 “The Spirit of the LORD is upon Me,
Because He has anointed Me
To preach the gospel to the poor;
He has sent Me Łto heal the brokenhearted,
To proclaim liberty to the captives
And recovery of sight to the blind,
To set at liberty those who are oppressed;
19 To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD.”
20Then He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all who were in the synagogue were fixed on Him. 21And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.” 

Ezekiel 46:17 (the year of liberty); Leviticus 27:17-24 

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Hanukkah - Feast of Dedication

John 10:22-25  Now it was the Feast of Dedication in Jerusalem, and it was winter. 23And Jesus walked in the temple, in Solomon’s porch. 24Then the Jews surrounded Him and said to Him, “How long do You keep us in doubt? If You are the Christ, tell us plainly.”
          25 Jesus answered them, “I told you, and you do not believe.

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Purim

Esther 9:18-32  But the Jews who were at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day, as well as on the fourteenth; and on the fifteenth of the month they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness. 19Therefore the Jews of the villages who dwelt in the unwalled towns celebrated the fourteenth day of the month of Adar with gladness and feasting, as a holiday, and for sending presents to one another.
          20 And Mordecai wrote these things and sent letters to all the Jews, near and far, who were in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, 21to establish among them that they should celebrate yearly the fourteenth and fifteenth days of the month of Adar, 22as the days on which the Jews had rest from their enemies, as the month which was turned from sorrow to joy for them, and from mourning to a holiday; that they should make them days of feasting and joy, of sending presents to one another and gifts to the poor. 23So the Jews accepted the custom which they had begun, as Mordecai had written to them, 24because Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to annihilate them, and had cast Pur (that is, the lot), to consume them and destroy them; 25but when Esther came before the king, he commanded by letter that this wicked plot which Haman had devised against the Jews should return on his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.
          26 So they called these days Purim, after the name Pur. Therefore, because of all the words of this letter, what they had seen concerning this matter, and what had happened to them, 27the Jews established and imposed it upon themselves and their descendants and all who would join them, that without fail they should celebrate these two days every year, according to the written instructions and according to the prescribed time, 28that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city, that these days of Purim should not fail to be observed among the Jews, and that the memory of them should not perish among their descendants.
29Then Queen Esther, the daughter of Abihail, with Mordecai the Jew, wrote with full authority to confirm this second letter about Purim. 30And Mordecai sent letters to all the Jews, to the one hundred and twenty-seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth, 31to confirm these days of Purim at their appointed time, as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had prescribed for them, and as they had decreed for themselves and their descendants concerning matters of their fasting and lamenting. 32So the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim, and it was written in the book.

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